A coastal state on the shores of the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa, Nigeria is bounded by Niger to the north, Benin to the west, Cameroon to the east and southeast, and Chad to the northeast. The November population census put Nigeria’s population at 88, , Nigeria’s population is extremely diverse—more than ethnic groups are identified. Ten ethnic groups account for 80 percent of Nigeria’s population. Like many other African countries, the distribution of religion can be broken down into three major areas: Christians, Muslims, and animists. In Nigeria, 47 percent of the population practice Islam, while about 36 percent practice Christianity, and 17 percent practice animism or traditional African religion.
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On the last night of Kwanzaa, the family takes a final drink from the Unity Cup.
In , 11 Australian commandos , all white, disguised themselves as Malay fishermen by dyeing their skin brown and boarding a fishing boat. They sailed through 2, miles of Japanese-controlled ocean from Australia to Singapore. At one point they even traveled right alongside a Japanese warship without them noticing anything strange which was good, because none of the commandos could speak Malay.
They then took canoes right into Singapore Harbor, where they blew up seven Japanese ships before escaping. So racism is OK as long as you have plenty of bombs and canoes. Somehow, this totally worked, and she snagged the plans to a fort and the identities of some Confederate spies before ” escaping ” back to Union lines.
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Ethnic division[ edit ] The civil war can be connected to the British colonial amalgamation in of Northern and Southern Nigeria. Intended for better administration due to the close proximity of these protectorates, the change did not account for the great difference in the cultures and religions of the peoples in each area. After the amalgamation, oil was discovered in Eastern Nigeria now southern South Nigeria.
Competition for its associated wealth led to the struggle for control amongst the regions. As southern Nigeria was not as united as the north, it was disadvantaged in the power struggle. Yakubu Gowon emerged as the head of state. During his tenure, killing of Easters in the north continued; several retaliatory actions took place, eventually resulting in the Biafran war. More than fifty years earlier, the United Kingdom had carved an area out of West Africa containing hundreds of different ethnic groups and unified it, calling it Nigeria.
Although these groups have their own homelands, by the s the peoples were dispersed across Nigeria, with all three ethnic groups represented substantially in major cities. When the war broke out in , there were still 5, Igbo in Lagos. This Sultan was regarded as the source of all political power and religious authority. The Yoruba political system in the southwest, like that of the Hausa-Fulani, also consisted of a series of monarchs, the Oba.
My name is Tim and I recently saw a Youtube video you had posted wherein you interviewed Asian men and Black American women in NYC about their thoughts regarding interracial dating and marriage. From there I found your other video to which I am responding. First, I would just like to commend you for the outstanding work you have done and thank you for navigating these issues of race in the way that you do.
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The Karamu feast may consist of traditional African dishes, as well as those featuring ingredients that Africans brought to the United States
A number of these traditions are followed for many decades, while some traditional brides and grooms prefer not to stick with it. In case you come to feel stressed in planning your wedding, or feel pressured with the opportunity of getting hitched, just be delighted that lots of of these wedding customs are reasonably soften.
Traditions and customs are not essentially required. Nevertheless, the vast majority of couples make an effort to adhere to a few of these customs with the hope to start off their marital life on the best ground. Keep reading below for many of the oddest wedding customs and traditions from all over the world. Here are a few interesting practices you might want to add to your wedding or special event. Henna Party in a Pakistan Wedding Pakistani wedding traditions are derived from key facts which are specified inside the Holy Quran.
Others view it as a note of the devastation of the First Temple of Jerusalem. Some point out that it is intended to tell all of us that marriage can be as fragile as a glass. In , Queen Elizabeth II had 8 bridesmaids younger than 21 years of age. The late Princess Diana had 5 wherein the youngest was only 5 year old. While Duchess of Cambridge Kate Middleton had her youngest bridesmaids at 3. Peruvian Wedding Cake A Peruvian wedding cake has unique charms that come with ribbons hidden within the layers of the cake.
As a wedding tradition in Peru, every single female wedding guest pulls a ribbon until the wedding cake is slice.
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Zulu weddings Other Wedding Traditions Although the following wedding traditions are not all unique to African or African-American weddings and marriages, they are still quite commonly observed during wedding ceremonies. Jumping the Broom Unity Candle Ceremony Wedding Sand Ceremony – and while you’re thinking about it you can also check out a sand ceremony set options. You can incorporate many of these wonderful, colorful, and very festive African wedding traditions and customs into your wedding as well.
You don’t have to limit the African American traditions you use in your wedding to just jumping the broom.
What is more, we may even internalize them as inherent truths not just for ourselves but also for those of other groups as well.
Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the s. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country’s landscape.
The word niger is Latin for black. More than ethnic tribes call present-day Nigeria home. The three largest and most dominant ethnic groups are the Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo pronounced ee-bo. Prior to their conquest by Europeans, these ethnic groups had separate and independent histories. Their grouping together into a single entity known as Nigeria was a construct of their British colonizers.
These various ethnic groups never considered themselves part of the same culture.
Nigerian Civil War
Our appreciation to Okezie Ihekwaba for contributing his invaluable collection of MP3s. History of Nigerian Music The music of Nigeria includes many kinds of Folk and popular music, some of which are known worldwide. Styles of folk music are related to the multitudes of ethnic groups in the country, each with their own techniques, instruments, and songs. Little is known about the country’s music history prior to European contact, although bronze carvings dating back to the 16th and 17th centuries have been found depicting musicians and their instruments.
Subsequently, Nigerian musicians created their own styles of United States hip hop music and Jamaican reggae. Nigeria’s musical output has achieved international acclaim not only in the fields of folk and popular music, but also Western art music written by composers such as Fela Sowande.
Humanist weddings[ edit ] Many traditions and rituals have origins in religions and are still performed by religious leaders.
Footage showed footprints on the floor of the abandoned facility, where empty rooms were filled with broken glass and furniture. News of the disappearances provoked global outcry earlier this year, prompting a rare pledge of a formal investigation from the Kremlin. Kheda Saratova, Chechnya’s Human Rights Commissioner and government advisor, claimed she had seen no evidence of the alleged persecution.
However, while it is legal to be homosexual, LGBT couples are offered no protections from discrimination. The emblem of Saudi Arabia above the embassy in London. LGBT inviduals, if discovered by the government, are likely to face intense pressure. Punishments range from flogging to the death penalty.
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Nigeria History Much has been said and written about Nigeria, her people and culture, economy and politics, that sheds light on the tremendous potential of this African Giant. However, little is known to the outside world about the many exciting tourist attractions available in Nigeria: Historic sites nestled amid rivers and rain forests, breathtaking mountain vistas, remote creek villages, miles of pristine beaches and exotic national wildlife reserves.
There are also museums, festivals, music and dance, a rich cultural melange right down to everyday traditional markets.
The Fulani victors founded the Sokoto Caliphate, which grew to become the largest state in West Africa until its conquest by the British in
Bridal Portrait Henna on the hands of a bride in Tunisia A wedding is typically a happy time for families to celebrate. In the Muslim world , there are colorful, cultural variations from place to place. According to the Quran , a married Muslim couple, both husband and wife act as each other’s protector and comforter and therefore only meant “for each other”.
All Muslim marriages have to be declared publicly and are never to be undertaken in secret. For many Muslims, it is the ceremony that counts as the actual wedding alongside a confirmation of that wedding in a registry office according to fiqh , in Islam a wedding is also viewed as a legal contract particularly in Islamic jurisprudences. However, most Muslim cultures separate both the institutions of the mosque and marriage, no religious official is necessary, but very often an Imam presides and performs the ceremony, he may deliver a short sermon.
In Islam, polygyny is allowed with certain religious restrictions, despite that an overwhelming majority of Muslims traditionally practice monogamy. It is forbidden in Islam for parents or anyone else: It is also necessary for all marriages commence with the best of intentions. Chinese cultures[ edit ] In traditional Chinese wedding ceremonies, bride arrives in a jiao At traditional Chinese weddings , the tea ceremony is the equivalent of an exchange of vows at a Western wedding ceremony.
This ritual is still practiced widely among rural Chinese; however, young people in larger cities, as well as in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore, tend to practice a combination of Western style of marriage together with the tea ceremony. When the bride leaves her home with the groom to his house, a “Good Luck Woman” will hold a red umbrella over her head, meaning, “Raise the bark, spread the leaves.
Other relatives will scatter rice, red beans and green beans in front of her. The red umbrella protects the bride from evil spirits, and the rice and beans are to attract the attention of the gold chicken.
25 Odd Wedding Traditions and Customs from Around the World
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Kwanzaa is an African-American and Pan-African holiday that celebrates family, community and culture. It is observed from December 26 through January 1 and its origins may be found in the first harvest celebrations of Africa, from which this holiday takes its name. Kwanzaa is derived from the phrase, “matunda ya kwanza,” which means “first fruits” in Swahili, a Pan-African tongue that is the most widely spoken language of Africa.
The first-fruits celebrations are recorded in African history dating back to Ancient Egypt and Nubia, with references, both ancient and modern, appearing in other classical African civilizations, such as Ashantiland and Yorubaland, and among societies as large as empires Kwanzaa was conceived and developed in by Dr. Maulana Ron Karenga, an author and scholar-activist who stresses the need to preserve, continually revitalize and promote African American culture.
Kwanzaa was first celebrated on December 26, and having been introduced in the midst of the Black Freedom Movement of the mid s, reflects a concern for cultural groundedness in thought and practice.